After being exhibited in Rio de Janeiro, in 2017 (Pinakotheke Cultural) and Brasília (Espaço Marcantonio Vilaça no Tribunal de Contas) “Oscar Niemeyer (1907-2012) – Territórios da Criação” (Territories of Creation), organized in celebration of the architect’s 110 birthday, now comes to Instituto Tomie Ohtake, with new works. Curated by Marcus Lontra and Max Perlingeiro, it presents a never before seen group of drawings, paintings, sculptures, and furniture pieces created by the prominent architect, as well as works by artists who collaborated with Niemeyer in some of his most iconic designs, such as Alfredo Ceschiatti (1918-1989), Alfredo Volpi (1896-1988), Athos Bulcão (1918-2008), Bruno Giorgi (1905-1993), Candido Portinari (1903-1962), Franz Weissmann (1911-2005), Joaquim Tenreiro (1906-1992), Maria Martins (1894-1973), Roberto Burle Marx (1909-1994) and Tomie Ohtake (1913-2015).
Oscar Niemeyer was born in Rio de Janeiro on December 15, 1907, and died in the same city on December 5, 2012. “Throughout his life, Niemeyer worked intensely and became known not only as an architect, as the first Brazilian aesthetic reference recognized worldwide, but also as a respected artist and intellectual, working on several fields”, states Marcus Lontra.
“Ruínas de Brasília” (1964), two rare Niemeyer paintings – one of them never publicly shown – are presented next to 25 unseen drawings that represent with his unmistakable trace the Igreja de São Francisco de Assis, at the Pampulha, in Belo Horizonte; the Oca and the Ibirapuera Park, in São Paulo; the Palácio do Planalto, the Brasília Cathedral, the Palácio da Alvorada, in Brasília; the Caminho Niemeyer, in Niterói; and the Bolsa de trabalho, in Bobigny, France, among many others. The passion with the female figure and its curves is also present in the drawings, most of them drawn with markers on paper. Max Perlingeiro remembers that Niemeyer once told him: “I was 5, 7 years old, and I drew forms in the air with my finger. My mother asked: – Boy, what are you doing? I’m drawing”.
The exhibition also has a section devoted to portraits of Niemeyer signed by great photographers: Antonio Guerreiro, Bob Wolfenson, Edu Simões, Evandro Teixeira, Juan Esteves, Luiz Garrido, Marcio Scavone, Nana Moraes, Nani Góis, Orlando Brito, Ricardo Fasanello, Rogerio Reis, Vilma Slomp, Walter Carvalho and Walter Firmo.
DIALOGUE WITH OTHER ARTISTS
In the São Paulo exhibition the original scale model of Tomie Ohtake’s piece designed for the Auditório do Ibirapuera was included, a monumental red brushstroke that covers the auditorium’s great hall from floor to ceiling. There are also drawings, paintings, sculptures and tiles created by great artists especially for Niemeyer’s architecture designs, which have become symbols for those spaces, such as a study by Volpi using tempera on card paper for the Dom Bosco Chapel, in Brasília; a watercolor study and two tile samples created by Portinari for the Igreja de São Francisco de Assis, in Pampulha; two small-scale sculptures for the “Candangos” and another for “Meteoro”, created by Bruno Giorgi, which were installed in Brasília, in monumental scale.
From the furniture pieces he created in collaboration with his daughter, Anna Maria (1930-2012), produced in Brazil and abroad, the exhibition brings the “Poltrona Alta” (Tall chair), which is part of the collection created for the Palácio do Planalto, and the “Espreguiçadeira Rio” (Rio Lounge Chair), in wood and straw.
The exhibition also brings together a series of documents and publications featuring Niemeyer as a graphic designer. He created the “Módulo” magazine, in the 1950s, dedicated to art and architecture; it ran until 1964, and was later resumed in 1975, when he returned to Brazil. “It was the most prestigious publication in the artistic and architecture milieus. The most renowned artists and photographers of that time collaborated with the magazine”, Perlingeiro points out.
In the exhibition the video “Oscar Niemeyer: a vida é um sopro” (2006, 90’, Gávea Filmes and Pipa Comunicação), by Fabiano Maciel and Sacha, and soundtrack by João Donato, Berna Ceppas, Kassim and Felipe Poli, will be continuously screened.